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England does not have a senate and it does not have a president. England doesn't have a president as it is a monarchy. Only republics have a president.
England doesn't have a president, it has a Prime Minister. England does not have a president, so there is no age as an answer.
England is part of a monarchy so doesn't have a president. England does not have a president they have a priminister and he is called david Cameron.
There has never been a president of England. England has never had a president. It is a monarchy, so it has a King or a Queen.
No president was born in England. All were born in the colonies. So unless they change their system to being a republic, there will never be a president in England.
The UNITED KINGDOM has a queen, and a Prime Minister. The UK's Prime Minister leader of Parliament at the moment is David Cameron.
Jas B Lv 7. What do you think of the answers? You can sign in to give your opinion on the answer. This is a strange paradox.
In the position was given some official recognition when the "prime minister" was named in the order of precedence , outranked, among non-royals, only by the archbishops of Canterbury and York , the Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland and the Lord Chancellor.
The first Act of Parliament to mention the premiership — albeit in a schedule — was the Chequers Estate Act on 20 December Unequivocal legal recognition was given in the Ministers of the Crown Act , which made provision for payment of a salary to the person who is both "the First Lord of the Treasury and Prime Minister".
Explicitly recognising two hundred years' of ambivalence, the Act states that it intended "To give statutory recognition to the existence of the position of Prime Minister, and to the historic link between the premiership and the office of First Lord of the Treasury, by providing in respect to that position and office a salary of Nevertheless, the brass plate on the door of the prime minister's home, 10 Downing Street , still bears the title of "First Lord of the Treasury", as it has since the 18th century as it is officially the home of the First Lord and not the prime minister.
Following the Irish Rebellion of , the British prime minister, William Pitt the Younger , believed the solution to rising Irish nationalism was a union of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland.
Britain then included England and Wales and Scotland , but Ireland had its own parliament and government, which were firmly Anglo-Irish and did not represent the aspirations of most Irishmen.
For this and other reasons, Pitt advanced his policy, and after some difficulty in persuading the Irish political class to surrender its control of Ireland under the Constitution of , the new union was created by the Acts of Union With effect from 1 January , Great Britain and Ireland were united into a single kingdom, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland , the Parliament of Ireland came to an end, and until British ministers were responsible for all three kingdoms of the British Isles.
Following the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 6 December , which was to be put into effect within one year, the enactment of the Irish Free State Constitution Act was concluded on 5 December , creating the Irish Free State.
Bonar Law , who had been in office as Prime Minister of Great Britain and Ireland for only six weeks, and who had just won the general election of November , thus became the last prime minister whose responsibilities covered both Britain and the whole of Ireland.
Most of a parliamentary session beginning on 20 November was devoted to the Act, and Bonar Law pushed through the creation of the Free State in the face of opposition from the "die hards".
Despite the reluctance to legally recognise the Premiership, ambivalence toward it waned in the s. During the first 20 years of his reign, George III — tried to be his own "prime minister" by controlling policy from outside the Cabinet, appointing and dismissing ministers, meeting privately with individual ministers, and giving them instructions.
These practices caused confusion and dissension in Cabinet meetings; King George's experiment in personal rule was generally a failure.
After the failure of Lord North 's ministry — in March due to Britain's defeat in the American Revolutionary War and the ensuing vote of no confidence by Parliament, the Marquess of Rockingham reasserted the prime minister's control over the Cabinet.
Rockingham assumed the Premiership "on the distinct understanding that measures were to be changed as well as men; and that the measures for which the new ministry required the royal consent were the measures which they, while in opposition, had advocated.
From this time, there was a growing acceptance of the position of Prime Minister and the title was more commonly used, if only unofficially.
Lord North, for example, who had said the office was "unknown to the constitution", reversed himself in when he said, "In this country some one man or some body of men like a Cabinet should govern the whole and direct every measure.
The Tories' wholesale conversion started when Pitt was confirmed as Prime Minister in the election of For the next 17 years until and again from to , Pitt, the Tory, was Prime Minister in the same sense that Walpole, the Whig, had been earlier.
Their conversion was reinforced after In that year, George III, who had suffered periodically from mental instability possibly due to porphyria , became permanently insane and spent the remaining 10 years of his life unable to discharge his duties.
The Prince Regent was prevented from using the full powers of kingship. The regent became George IV in , but during his year reign was indolent and frivolous.
Consequently, for 20 years the throne was virtually vacant and Tory Cabinets led by Tory prime ministers filled the void, governing virtually on their own.
The Tories were in power for almost 50 years, except for a Whig ministry from to Lord Liverpool was Prime Minister for 15 years; he and Pitt held the position for 34 years.
Under their long, consistent leadership, Cabinet government became a convention of the constitution. Although subtle issues remained to be settled, the Cabinet system of government is essentially the same today as it was in Under this form of government, called the Westminster system , the Sovereign is head of state and titular head of Her Majesty's Government.
The Sovereign selects as Prime Minister the person who is able to command a working majority in the House of Commons, and invites him or her to form a government.
As the actual Head of Government , the prime minister selects the Cabinet, choosing its members from among those in Parliament who agree or generally agree with his or her intended policies.
The prime minister then recommends the Cabinet to the Sovereign who confirms the selection by formally appointing them to their offices.
Led by the prime minister, the Cabinet is collectively responsible for whatever the government does. The Sovereign does not confer with members privately about policy, nor attend Cabinet meetings.
With respect to actual governance, the monarch has only three constitutional rights: to be kept informed, to advise, and to warn. The modern British system includes not only a government formed by the majority party or coalition of parties in the House of Commons but also an organised and open opposition formed by those who are not members of the governing party.
Seated in the front, directly across from the ministers on the Treasury Bench, the leaders of the opposition form a "shadow government", complete with a salaried "shadow prime minister", the Leader of the Opposition , ready to assume office if the government falls or loses the next election.
Opposing the King's government was considered disloyal, even treasonous, at the end of the 17th century.
During the 18th century this idea waned and finally disappeared as the two party system developed. The expression "His Majesty's Opposition" was coined by John Hobhouse, 1st Baron Broughton.
In , Broughton, a Whig, announced in the Commons that he opposed the report of a Bill. As a joke, he said, "It was said to be very hard on His Majesty's ministers to raise objections to this proposition.
For my part, I think it is much more hard on His Majesty's Opposition to compel them to take this course. Sometimes rendered as the " Loyal Opposition ", it acknowledges the legitimate existence of several political parties , and describes an important constitutional concept: opposing the government is not treason; reasonable men can honestly oppose its policies and still be loyal to the Sovereign and the nation.
Informally recognized for over a century as a convention of the constitution, the position of Leader of the Opposition was given statutory recognition in by the Ministers of the Crown Act.
British prime ministers have never been elected directly by the public. A prime minister need not be a party leader; David Lloyd George was not a party leader during his service as prime Minister during World War I, and neither was Ramsay MacDonald from to Since , most prime ministers have been members of the Commons; since , all have had a seat there.
Former Prime Minister Tony Blair , for example, represented Sedgefield in County Durham from to He became Prime Minister because in he was elected Labour Party leader and then led the party to victory in the general election , winning seats compared to for the Conservatives and gaining a majority in the House of Commons.
Neither the sovereign nor the House of Lords had any meaningful influence over who was elected to the Commons in or in deciding whether or not Blair would become Prime Minister.
Their detachment from the electoral process and the selection of the prime minister has been a convention of the constitution for almost years.
Prior to the 19th century, however, they had significant influence, using to their advantage the fact that most citizens were disenfranchised and seats in the Commons were allocated disproportionately.
In , Charles Grey , the 2nd Earl Grey and a life-long Whig, became Prime Minister and was determined to reform the electoral system.
For two years, he and his Cabinet fought to pass what has come to be known as the Great Reform Bill of As John Bright, a liberal statesman of the next generation, said, "It was not a good Bill, but it was a great Bill when it passed.
The representation of 56 rotten boroughs was eliminated completely, together with half the representation of 30 others; the freed up seats were distributed to boroughs created for previously disenfranchised areas.
However, many rotten boroughs remained and it still excluded millions of working-class men and all women. Symbolically, however, the Reform Act exceeded expectations.
It is now ranked with Magna Carta and the Bill of Rights as one of the most important documents of the British constitutional tradition.
First, the Act removed the sovereign from the election process and the choice of Prime Minister. Slowly evolving for years, this convention was confirmed two years after the passage of the Act.
In , King William IV dismissed Melbourne as premier, but was forced to recall him when Robert Peel , the king's choice, could not form a working majority.
Since then, no sovereign has tried to impose a prime minister on Parliament. Second, the Bill reduced the Lords' power by eliminating many of their pocket boroughs and creating new boroughs in which they had no influence.
Weakened, they were unable to prevent the passage of more comprehensive electoral reforms in , , and when universal equal suffrage was established.
Ultimately, this erosion of power led to the Parliament Act , which marginalised the Lords' role in the legislative process and gave further weight to the convention that had developed over the previous century [note 7] that a prime minister cannot sit in the House of Lords.
The last to do so was Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury , from to Grey set an example and a precedent for his successors.
He was primus inter pares first among equals , as Bagehot said in of the prime minister's status. Using his Whig victory as a mandate for reform, Grey was unrelenting in the pursuit of this goal, using every parliamentary device to achieve it.
Although respectful toward the king, he made it clear that his constitutional duty was to acquiesce to the will of the people and Parliament.
The Loyal Opposition acquiesced too. Some disgruntled Tories claimed they would repeal the bill once they regained a majority. But in , Robert Peel, the new Conservative leader, put an end to this threat when he stated in his Tamworth Manifesto that the bill was "a final and irrevocable settlement of a great constitutional question which no friend to the peace and welfare of this country would attempt to disturb".
The premiership was a reclusive office prior to The incumbent worked with his Cabinet and other government officials; he occasionally met with the sovereign and attended Parliament when it was in session during the spring and summer.
He never went out on the stump to campaign, even during elections; he rarely spoke directly to ordinary voters about policies and issues.
After the passage of the Great Reform Bill , the nature of the position changed: prime ministers had to go out among the people. The Bill increased the electorate to , As the franchise increased, power shifted to the people, and prime ministers assumed more responsibilities with respect to party leadership.
It naturally fell on them to motivate and organise their followers, explain party policies, and deliver its "message". Successful leaders had to have a new set of skills: to give a good speech, present a favourable image, and interact with a crowd.
They became the "voice", the "face" and the "image" of the party and ministry. Robert Peel, often called the "model prime minister",  was the first to recognise this new role.
After the successful Conservative campaign of , J. Croker said in a letter to Peel, "The elections are wonderful, and the curiosity is that all turns on the name of Sir Robert Peel.
It's the first time that I remember in our history that the people have chosen the first Minister for the Sovereign. President: Lesson for Kids.
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